The Canada - Spain Volunteering Program
Each year, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims walk the “Camino de Santiago” (Way of St. James) to visit the shrine of St. James, located in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. About once a decade, the pilgrimage falls during a “Holy Year”. The most recent Holy Year was in 2010, when the Camino de Santiago was officially recognized as a World Heritage site. The next Holy Year occurs in 2021.
Currently there are 9 routes (as well as one maritime route) which cover over 1,250 KMs of Galician territory. “El Camino” is not really a single path, rather a network of many connected paths and trails. Over the course of the centuries, different routes have been forged allowing pilgrims from all corners of Europe to arrive at the cathedral.
The most frequented route is the “Camino Frances” (French Route), which is the path of choice for over half of all travellers. The other routes are the “Camino Portugués” (Portuguese Route) “Camino del Norte” (Northern Route), “Camino Primitivo” (Primitive Route), “Camino Inglés” (English Route), “la Vía de la Plata” (Silver Route) and the “Camino de Invierno” (Winter Route).
For those who wish to win “The Compostela” (a certification for having completed the Camino de Santiago), it is necessary to have walked at least the final 100 kilometers of the route (or 200 kilometers if by bicycle). As a result, one of the main starting points is Sarria, Galicia, from which approximately 30% of all participants begin. However, each year travellers arrive on foot from areas such as Egypt, Finland and Australia.
Some of the routes
The Camino Francés, or French Way, is the most popular. Historically, because of the Codex Calixtinus, most pilgrims came from France: typically from Arles, Le Puy, Paris, and Vézelay; some from Saint Gilles. Cluny, site of the celebrated medieval abbey, was another important rallying point for pilgrims and, in 2002, was integrated into the official European pilgrimage route linking Vézelay and Le Puy.
Most Spanish consider the French border in the Pyrenees the natural starting point. By far the most common starting point on the Camino Francés is Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, on the French side of the Pyrenees, with Roncesvalles on the Spanish side also being popular. The distance from Roncesvalles to Santiago de Compostela through León is about 800 km.
The Camino Primitivo, or Original Way, is the oldest route to Santiago de Compostela, first taken in the 9th century. It begins in Oviedo (Asturias).
The Camino Portugués, or the Portuguese Way, is the second-most-popular route, starting at the cathedral in Lisbon (about 610 km) or at the cathedral in Porto in northern Portugal (about 227 km), and crossing into Galicia at Valença.
Camino del Norte
The Camino del Norte, or the Northern Way, is also less traveled and starts in the Basque city of Irun on the border with France, or sometimes in San Sebastián. It is a less popular route because of its changes in elevation, whereas the Camino Frances is mostly flat. The route follows the coast along the Bay of Biscay until it nears Santiago. Though it does not pass through as many historic points of interest as the Camino Frances, it has cooler summer weather. The route is believed to have been first used by pilgrims to avoid traveling through the territories occupied by the Muslims in the Middle Ages
In 2021 a Jacobean (or Holy) Year known as “Ano Xacobeo” is taking place. A year is considered holy when Saint James Day (July 25th) falls on a Sunday.
The main aims of the “Canada - Spain Volunteering Program” are to spread knowledge of the Way of St. James among Canadians and encourage international volunteer participation in the pilgrimage in 2019, 2020 and 2021 (Jacobean Year)
Volunteering is a big part of Canadian culture, and is even required for high school graduation in some provinces and territories. In Ontario, for example, high school students must participate in a minimum 40 hours of volunteering to graduate. This requirement builds strong social awareness among youth, and encourages young Canadians and future leaders to be more engaged and involved in their communities.
Volunteering is truly a part of Canadian DNA - 87% of people over age 16 believe that Canadian communities would suffer without volunteers, and 75% think the economy would also decline. It is estimated that Canadians volunteer over 2 billion hours per year, and this service is done by 45% of the population.
The majority nationality of the pilgrims are first Spanish, then Italian, followed by Germany and the United States. Canadian pilgrimage ranks in at #12, so there is much Canadians can learn from this program.
The future leaders of tomorrow are the engaged youth of today. In an increasingly globalized world, it is of utmost importance that these leaders develop an understanding of different cultural, societal and community needs.
This program will improve volunteers’ communication skills, deepen their knowledge of Spanish culture, and allow them plentiful opportunities to meet new people from around the world. All of this takes place at the beautiful World Heritage site of The Way of Saint James.
Red Leaf will only receive payment for costs associated with running the program (projected at $440CND). Finances will be made clear and transparent, and will be without any profit. Due to high interest in this project, Red Leaf is also seeking sponsorship from multiple companies such as Air Canada, the Canada-Spain Chamber of Commerce, Avi Insurances, and more.
Xacobeo 2021 is a state-wide project, although initially it will be focused in Galicia and its four provinces. With increased program awareness, we anticipate opening to other parts of Spain and even to Portugal.
The primary objective of the program is to encourage young Canadians to volunteer at the Way of Saint James, and spread knowledge and understanding of this cultural heritage to Canada.
2. Profile and recruiting
3. Selection process
4. Collaboration agreement
5. Online course preview
6. Orientation session
7. Outline of duties
8. Supervision and mentoring
What is included>
- Interview by conference call with Red Leaf staff
- Online training before departure
- Orientation in Galicia
- Ending assessment meeting in Galicia
- Transfer from/to Oporto Airport and the Orientation point
- Transfer from/to the Orientation Point and the Hostel
- Accomodation and 3 meals per day from the day of orientation to the final assessment meeting
- Medical and travel insurance
- Final certificate
- * The program does not include: International flight from / to Oporto Airport
- Cost of the program for the volunteer is
- $ 440 CND